Bluebird Grain Farms

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Recipe Adapted from Moosewood Restaurant Book of Desserts

Yields 1 crust

1 1/2 cup Bluebird Organic Whole Grain Flour (Einka, Hard White or Emmer Flour recommended)
1/2 teaspoon salt
2 tablespoons sugar (optional)
1/2 cup chilled butter
3 to 4 tablespoons ice water

Preparation time: 10-15 minutes Baking time (Pre-baked pie shell): 25-30 minutes @ 375 degrees.

Equipment: rolling pin, pie pan, wax paper or silicon food mat ( the best), food processor (optional).

Directions: This crust may be made in a processor or by hand. Either way, it is critical to work quickly to avoid developing the gluten and to preserve a tender, melt-in-your-mouth texture.

To make by hand: Combine the flour, salt, and sugar, if using, in a large bowl. Work the butter into the flour with a knife, pastry cutter, or your fingers until the mixture resembles coarse meal. Sprinkle the ice water onto the crumbly dough and, with your hands, punch the dough from the sides to the middle of the bowl to form a ball. Transfer to a work surface. Cut the dough in half, place half on top of the other, and press down. Repeat the cutting and pressing steps three or four times until all of the water is incorporated into the dough and it clings together.

Sandwich dough between wax paper or silicon rolling mats with a lightly floured surface, gently flatten the ball of dough with a rolling pin. Starting from the center, roll the dough into a circle about an inch larger than the diameter of the pie pan. Carefully lift the wax paper or silicon mat with rolled dough and flip into pie pan. Crimp edges.

To make in a food processor: Cut the butter into I inch pieces and place them in the bowl of the food processor. Add the flour, salt, and sugar. Process until all of the ingredients are incorporated. With the processor on, add the water a tablespoon at a time until the dough begins to clump but is still crumbly. Continue to drizzle a little water and pulse the food processor, stopping to test the dough to see if it is moist enough to hold together. When you can gather the dough into a ball, remove it from the processor, place it on a lightly floured surface sandwiched between wax paper. Roll out and fit into a greased pan as stated above.

* For a pre-baked pie shell, preheat the oven to 375. Prick the prepared crust in several places with a fork.